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Losing H.E.A.T. – How Fans Took The Fun Out Of Green Lantern

Here in 2014, comic fans are pretty used to controversy.

Controversy over the death of a character who’s already been killed and resurrected multiple times, controversy over a character’s new costume, controversy over a character’s sexual playmate, controversy, controversy, controversy.

Between message boards, indigent bloggers and even publishers looking to stir up interest, it seems controversy and super hero comics go hand in hand. Controversy happens, we get riled up for a few minutes and then we (hopefully) move on.

Back in 1994, controversy got out hand and for the first time as a comic fan, I was terrified of my very own people.

Yep. I’m talking, of course, about the fall of Green Lantern Hal Jordan and the rise of Hal’s Emerald Advancement (Formally “Attack”) Team.

Quick rundown of a little story called Emerald Twilight: Coast City, home town of longtime Green Lantern Hal Jordan is destroyed by an alien, Jordan tries to use the ring to bring it back, the Guardians try to punish him for using the ring for personal gain, Jordan snaps, destroys the Green Lantern Corps, absorbs the battery and becomes the big bad of the DCU.

It was the 90s.

Shit like this happened all the time. Only this time a lot of people got bent out of shape. And not just regular “they done my character wrong” kinda shape, but the kinda shape usually reserved for war crimes and general mass human atrocities.

I was a sophomore in high school and I had just gotten really heavily into the DCU. And, surprise, my favorite character was Hal “Green Lantern” Jordan. I had gotten into the character via Gerard Jones’ Emerald Dawn series. I thought it was cool and liked that guy Hal Jordan. I then ventured into his main series, thought the grey streaks in his hair were cool and stuck around for the series.

Then Reign of the Supermen happened which culminated in the destruction of Coast City which in turn culminated with the Hal’s descent into madness. Yes. It pissed me off right proper. 15-year-old me was all like, “what the Hell?! Hal Jordan was the man? Screw you, DC!”

In a normal world that would have been that. I would have bought Green Lantern issue 51 and not been ashamed of actually digging the hell out of Kyle Rayner. But this wasn’t a normal world. This was a world with something new called… The Internet.

My family had a Prodigy account (look it up, kids) and all the comic chat rooms (look it up, kids), were on fire with “Hal got done dirty” talk. These chat rooms weren’t just a place for fans to bitch, though. Oh, no. They were an echo chamber. And it wasn’t just Prodigy. It was all over the Internet.

On newsgroups, GeoCities sites, AOL rooms, CompuServe (seriously, all things in the 90s), everywhere. Fans were angry and they were connecting with other fans who were even angrier and they were making fans who weren’t angry but just kind of miffed really, really angry. Like-minded people were finding each other online and then going to find even more like-minded people.

Then those “like-minded people” went fucking insane. At least, some of them did. They started sending death threats to DC writers and editors. It was like religious fundamentalists had invaded comics and brought their own special brand of hate with them.

At that point, I threw my hands in the air and embraced Kyle Rayner. Like I said, I actually liked him a lot and, more importantly, I liked the stories writer Ron Marz was telling a lot more than the ones Gerard Jones had been producing.

Then H.E.A.T. showed up, and it was like watching that metaphorical train wreck. At first it stood for “Hal’s Emerald Attack Team” but then everyone agreed that sounded eerily like a terrorist organization. So it was then changed to “Hal’s Emerald Advancement Team”.

Here’s the thing to know before going any further; H.E.A.T.’s intentions were good. They really were. From their website (which is still up, by the way):

“As Green Lantern fans, it is our goal to encourage and advocate the return and exoneration of Hal Jordan as Green Lantern, the restoration of the Green Lantern legends, and the revival of the honorable Green Lantern Corps.”

That’s pretty sweet, right?

But here’s the thing. H.E.A.T., at least to me, was doing fandom all wrong. They were taking the fun out of it.

By 1997, I was 18-years-old and starting college.  As a fan, sure, I missed new Hal Jordan stories, and from time to time, would join in conversations at the local comic shop about why DC needed to bring the character back as a hero.

But I was also still enjoying Kyle Rayner stories.

Did I think Hal was mishandled?

Sure I did, but I also though Parallax had the potential to be the DCU’s Magneto, the kind of character who means well but whose actual means are evil.  Oh, and I also had things to do beyond losing sleep over a fictional character.   I was in college, after all.

Meanwhile, H.E.A.T. took out a full-page ad in Wizard Magazine. This was subsequently dismissed by DC editorial and mocked by the very magazine that was paid $3,500 to run the ad. The ad read:

“Restore the Majesty. Return to the Mythology. Support the rebirth of Hal Jordan and the Green Lantern Corps, in coexistence with Kyle Rayner, by joining the more than 500 people who have signed the GLC petition…”

I think that’s when I realized, when it comes to corporate intellectual properties, if you don’t like it, walk away. I mean, there I was, a guy who wanted to see the return of the character the ad referenced and all I could do was roll my eyes. To me at least, it was created and funded by people who were very clearly not enjoying comics, or at least this one comic.

Ever since that ad, I’ve never shied away from leaving a comic I didn’t like behind. If I find no joy, then I don’t give it my money. Yes, the fall of Hal Jordan was my first major comics shit storm, and perhaps the greatest one of all, but it was also the one I learned the most from.

Oh, and Kyle Rayner kicks ass.



  1. Riley Myers

    September 16, 2015 at 3:44 pm

    You know I never really liked Hal Jordan, don't get me wrong I've tried but he never really grabbed me. Kyle rayner is fucking awesome as well as guy Gardner

    • deana wright

      November 6, 2018 at 5:48 pm

      he is bad guy dont them but greangirl did

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  4. Mglosk

    December 30, 2016 at 2:23 pm

    Ron Mars Ruined the industry with what he has done to Green Lantern. The chain reaction from comic to comic down the line is all because of Ron Mars careless poor writing and willingness to abandon the fanbase and basically tell Hal fans to F-off. He didn’t care about us, he didn’t care about the history of Green Lantern, he didn’t care about anything, all he wanted was for the worst Green Lantern ever Kyle, to be the star. He made Green Lantern a joke, and disrespected everything about Green Lantern.

    • Edward

      August 29, 2017 at 11:04 am

      Why doesn’t anyone mention that the Geoff John’s Hal we got in Rebirth is not the Hal we had prior to Emerald Twilight? He’s basically a new character. The hot-headed flyboy we got was not what H.E.A.T. was fighting for.

      • David Copson

        March 31, 2018 at 11:39 am

        The “hot-headed flyboy” is a new interpretation of the character, not a total repudiation of the character.

      • Luis Dantas

        February 5, 2020 at 9:09 pm

        Quite correct. 26 years later not too many people are still around at the time who care enough to recall how things were.

        I do. H.E.A.T. was certainly a first, and it was very much a response to another first.

        Never before DC or a comparably high profile publisher went so stubbornly out of its way in order to spite its own fandom.

        The whole point of Kevin Dooley’s Green Lantern books was to retcon Hal Jordan and related characters into some sort of backwards cliche that were giving way to kewl new guy Kyle Rayner, who goofed almost literally all the time and might as well make a solemn statement that he would never deserve a GL ring, given what we actually saw.

        Yet the other characters, seemingly brainwashed by editorial, could hardly be bothered to know, remember or care what a Green Lantern was or why it was supposed to matter.

        For all ends and purposes, at those times Green Lantern as a character concept ceased to be, and the name was suddenly taken by a slight variation on the Firestorm concept. Merit and effort were no longer any part of being a Green Lantern, the lone surviving Guardian could not be expected to remember what he said months previously, readers were no longer expected to care.

        Kevin Dooley’s editorial line and the fans that took its bait created an entirely artificial controversy and, perhaps riding on the 1990s beligerent attitude, openly insulted the fans of the character concept that they usurped and perverted in order to present themselves as some sort of triumphant “winners”.

        It was a silent yet powerful retcon wave that remodeled DC and assured that I would never again buy one of its books.

  5. Luis Dantas

    July 12, 2018 at 10:57 pm

    Honest question (and yes, I have been asking it for over 20 years now): what is there to like on Kyle Rayner? At least as a GL-related character?

    Kyle was conceived as a variant on the Firestorm concept. Which is a great concept. But goes entirely against the grain of the GL Corps. Making him a GL all but demands addressing the inherent contradiction of the very concept. And that just never happened. Quite on the contrary, DC just kept provoking its own (former) fans to create an artificial controversy at the expense of its own dignity and the good will of potential readers.

    Word has it that he somehow is more tolerable now. I sure am not going to pay good money to verify that, particularly seeing how he is portrayed in the short descriptions of recent books. The GL concept has always been vulnerable to narcissistic interpretations of the protagonist. That was a constant danger with Hal, and an irritant with Guy Gardner. With Kyle it was core policy. I was open to a new GL at the time. Hal _was_ at a difficult place creatively speaking. But then I actually read the early Kyle stories. To this day I sort of doubt that DC actually published them.

    As conceived and published back in 1994, Kyle Rayner was the prototype of the character created to provoke anger on the fans of the former concept of the book. [i]Everything[/i] on his early stories was at a direct challenge to the very concept of a GL book. He all but insisted on crying out aloud that he had no business yielding a power ring. It was quite the slingshot, seeing editorial do a 180 on its relationship to its own creative property out of apparent despair and greed for short term sales.

    I never bought a DC book since. Why should I bother giving my money to a publisher that has no respect for its own characters?

  6. Jess

    December 17, 2018 at 4:55 am

    I think Green Lantern is something ridiculous! Why not yellow rabbit? have a look here!

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